The newest Essex Institute
Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia. Cresson. Elizabeth.T. New American Entomological People. Harshberger, John William. The brand new botanists off Philadelphia as well as their works. T.C. Davis Sons. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. JSTOR. Parker, Charles F. Worldwide Flowers. Knight, J. Frank. Statement of your own recording assistant. Proc. Entomological Soc. Philadelphia 1:vii, 74, 283, 285. Martindale, Isaac C. Obituary find out-of Charles F. Parker. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia -265. Meehan, Thomas. Charles F. Parker. The fresh Gardeners’ Month-to-month and Horticulturist. Mosquin, Daniel. Constantine Rafinesque, A flawed Wizard. Arnoldia 70:2-ten. Prowell, Geo. R. 1886. A brief history of Camden condition, Nj-new jersey. L.J. Richards Business. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Putnam, F. W. (ed. The Naturalists’ directory. Pt. II. United states in addition to Western Indies. Salem, Massachusetts.
Robinson, B. L. 1903. Good hitherto Undescribed Pipewort away from Nj. Rhodora 5:175-176. Smith, Aubrey H. On the Colonies out-of Vegetation Observed close Philadelphia. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia -twenty four.
Torrey were able to strategy a consultation to own Parry as the botanist and you can physician on the You
Charles C. Parry, the third from 9 people from the class of Reverend Joseph and you can Eliza Parry, was born in Admington, England, ily emigrated toward You and you may compensated toward a ranch inside the Washington condition, Nyc. Charles enrolled within Partnership College or university during the Schenectady, New york, finished for the 1842, and studied treatments at the University of Physicians and you may Surgeons during the Columbia University inside the New york (Coulter 1890, Knowlton 1892). Parry attained their scientific education away from Columbia inside 1846 (Brown 1862). Charles learnt botany as a keen undergraduate in which he did certain plant get together near their family within 1842. His organic education went on throughout scientific college or university via the connection regarding flowers to help you materia medica and you can, since the a health care professional-in-education, Parry produced the new acquaintance regarding Dr.
John Torrey on Columbia School and Asa Gray in the Harvard. Both of the individuals elder experts supported due to the fact mentors, turned lifelong household members, and you can was basically collaborators for the majority of out-of Parry’s career expeditions (Grey 1863, Kelly 1914, Parry 1878, Preston 1893). Once graduating regarding Columbia, Parry ventured western, and you may, on the fall out-of 1846, he settled across the Mississippi Lake for the Davenport, Iowa. Charles depending a health routine, which had been typically, an initial-resided promotion (Preston 1893, Light 1906). When you look at the 1847 Parry become meeting nearby flowers (Parry 1848) and you will in summer of that season he was the employees botanist on government questionnaire cluster, provided because of the Lieutenant Joseph Morehead, to Fort Des Moines during the confluence of Raccoon and you may Des Moines Canals inside main Iowa (Parry 1848 1878, Preston 1893, White 1906).
Sadly a couple away from specimens exists about SEINet sample database to help you file that period off Parry’s organic occupation. Into the 1848 Parry went on his organic pursuits toward geological survey from Wisconsin, Iowa, and you may Minnesota provided by David D. Owen (Owen 1852). Parry was charged with botanizing along the St. Peter’s River (Minnesota River) and you can St. Croix Lake since far northern as shores from Lake Advanced (Owen 1852, Parry 1848, Parry envie du site de rencontre hÃ©tÃ©ro 1852, Parry 1878). His bush index, and therefore consisted of 727 kinds, included cities, environment, and ethnobotanical notes regarding the plant life utilized by the new tribes encountered (Parry 1852). Out-of 1849 using 1853 Dr. Parry’s event spots varied widely (e. California, Washington, Texas, The Mexico, Baja California, the new Rio Bonne Area), because of the sort of each endeavor and then he is involved.
Within the good January 1849 letter to John Torrey, Parry indicated their intention to participate a truck illustrate, lead western, and you will look for their luck in California. S./Mexico Boundary Questionnaire demanded from the Lieutenant Amiel W. Whipple. Therefore, having good salaried status at your fingertips, as opposed to travel overland, Parry sailed so you can Panama, entered this new isthmus, and you may turned up from the vessel from inside the San diego from inside the mid-July away from 1849. Arrangements was complete and also the expedition departed from the Mission San Diego de Alcala into Sep eleven, 1849. New excursion’s goal were to establish two geographic situations (you to for the coastline a few kilometers south of San diego Bay together with most other from the confluence of Gila and you will Tx Rivers close expose-date Yuma, Arizona) who does essentially determine new border between California and you can Mexico (Lightner 2014b 2016, Parry 1857 1859, Whipple 1851).